Harness safety is critical when working at heights. Workers should be fitted with the proper harness and lanyard, so that in the event of an accident, the worker is protected in case he falls. The harness should feel snug, but comfortable.
There are many types of harnesses to choose from and they come in two basic categories: elasticated and non-elasticated. In those categories, you can choose from Single Tail or Twin Tail Harnesses. These are normally supplied in one point or two point attachments. A two-point harness will have a rear dorsal and front attachment, whereas a one-point will only have the rear dorsal.
Many harnesses also include underarm side support for greater comfort. This can be important when workers will be wearing them for over eight hours each day. Many also include a personal relief self-rescue step, which is sewn into the harness. Harnesses generally come in two colors: red and hi-viz orange.
Harnesses should be well constructed of the best materials. The safety of your workers depends on this. Normally a fabric call Dyneema webbing is used for this purpose. The harness should also be constructed with reinforced eyes so that when pressure is placed on the various hooks and straps, there is no tearing away.
A 200-pound worker falling from a six-story building will place a force of several times his weight on the harness, lanyard and hooks he is wearing. It is critical that each of these components does its job.
No one likes to think that an accident will happen, but being adequately equipped and prepared is the first step to a safe outcome for all involved once an accident does occur.